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Just 10 years ago, Turkey was negotiating membership into the European Union and being cited as an example for other Middle Eastern countries to embrace as a market-friendly and democratizing Muslim majority country. A decade later, Turkey has gone from being a “model” to a cautionary tale of democratic backsliding and political polarization, increasingly embroiled in ethno-sectarian violence, political instability and economic corruption.
On July 15, 2016, a military coup attempted to overthrow President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, but failed. The aftermath of the attempted coup has witnessed increased repression in the form of unprecedented and wide scale purges of the public and private sectors and rising authoritarianism as President Erdogan moves to consolidate power. Critics of President Erdogan